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Basic Introduction to the Particles は and が

Basic Introduction to the Particles は and が

Because the Japanese language has separate markers for the topic and the subject of a sentence, the particles は and が, it allows for a unique grammatical construction of sentences.

The general outline for the は-が sentence construction is TOPIC は, SUBJECTが DESCRIPTION. For simplicity’s sake, the direct translation of this format could be interpreted as , “Regarding the topic TOPIC, SUBJECT is DESCRIPTION.”

Example(s):

カリフォルニア家賃すごく高いです。
California ha yachin ga sugoku takai desu.
(In California the rent is very expensive.)

ジョージ·ワシントン性格素晴らしいです。
George Washington ha seikaku ga subarashii desu.
(Regarding George Washington, his personality is wonderful.)

Multiple descriptors can also be used with this format.

Example(s):

私の学校先生親切で,食べ物美味しくて、 キャンパス きれいです。
Watashi no gakkou ha sensei ga shinsetsu de, tabemono ga oishikute, campus ga kirei desu.
(At my school, the teachers are nice, the food is delicious, and the campus is beautiful.)