Posted on

NOUN + 以上 (ijou) or 以下 (ika) as “(more than/less than) NOUN”

NOUN + 以上 (ijou) or 以下 (ika) as “(more than/less than) NOUN”

The two words 以上 (ijou) and 以下 (ika) translate to “more than or equal to” and “less than or equal to” respectively, and they can both be used after a NOUN word to mean “more than NOUN” and “less than NOUN” respectively. They are commonly used with counter words (for example, 18歳 or 200ドル) and pronouns (such as これ and それ) but can also be used with regular NOUN words.


Yosou ijou da.
(More than expected/Better than expected.)

Kanojo wa taisetsu na hito desukara, 200 dollar ijou no tanjyoubi present ni shimashita.
(Since she’s such an important person to me, I decided to go with a birthday present worth no less than 200 dollars.)

18 sai ika no kodomo wa oya no hogo ga hitsuyou da.
(Kids under the age of 18 need the care of their parents.)

Anata no seiseki wa heikin ika da.
(Your grades are below average.)