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NOUN + 以上 (ijou) or 以下 (ika) as “(more than/less than) NOUN”

NOUN + 以上 (ijou) or 以下 (ika) as “(more than/less than) NOUN”

The two words 以上 (ijou) and 以下 (ika) translate to “more than or equal to” and “less than or equal to” respectively, and they can both be used after a NOUN word to mean “more than NOUN” and “less than NOUN” respectively. They are commonly used with counter words (for example, 18歳 or 200ドル) and pronouns (such as これ and それ) but can also be used with regular NOUN words.

Example(s):

予想以上だ。
Yosou ijou da.
(More than expected/Better than expected.)

彼女は大切な人ですから、200ドル以上の誕生日プレゼントにしました。
Kanojo wa taisetsu na hito desukara, 200 dollar ijou no tanjyoubi present ni shimashita.
(Since she’s such an important person to me, I decided to go with a birthday present worth no less than 200 dollars.)

18歳以下の子供は親の保護が必要だ。
18 sai ika no kodomo wa oya no hogo ga hitsuyou da.
(Kids under the age of 18 need the care of their parents.)

あなたの成績は平均以下だ。
Anata no seiseki wa heikin ika da.
(Your grades are below average.)