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Passive Form (Adversity with Intransitive Verbs)

Passive Form (Adversity with Intransitive Verbs)

The Adversity Passive Form, also known as the Indirect Passive Form, is one of two versions of the Passive Form in the Japanese language. As opposed to making the direct object or the indirect object of the verb the subject of the sentence like the Simple Passive Form (also known as the Direct Passive Form) does, the Adversity Passive Form instead makes the entity adversely affected by the actions of the verb the subject of the sentence.

Additionally, the Adversity Passive Form is used with both transitive verbs and intransitive verbs. As should be self-explanatory, when used with transitive verbs, the subject of the sentence is an entity being adversely affected by the actions another entity has performed to something other than itself. When used with intransitive verbs, the subject of the sentence is an entity being adversely affected by the actions another entity has performed unto itself.

Example(s):

昨日雨に降られた
Kinou ame ni furareta.
(I got caught in the rain yesterday.)

昨日私の猫に死なれた
Kinou watashi no neko ni shinareta.
(Yesterday my cat died on me.)

教室でジョージワシントンは隣の人にくしゃみされて病気になった。
Kyoushitsu de George Washington wa tonari no hito ni kushami sarete byouki ni natta.
(George Washington was adversely affected by the person next to him in class sneezing and became sick.)