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Passive Form (Verb Conjugation)

Passive Form (Verb Conjugation)

Verbs are conjugated into this form in order to be used in the Passive Form construct.

To conjugate る-Verbs into the Passive Form: take the Stem-Form of the る-Verb and add the characters られる.
*For る-Verbs, the Passive Form is conjugated the same way as the Potential Form.

Example(s):

見る (みる) = 見られる (みられる)
食べる (たべる) = 食べられる (たべられる)
寝る (ねる) = 寝られる (ねられる)
考える (かんがえる) = 考えられる (かんがえられる)

To conjugate う-Verbs into the Passive Form:
if the う-Verb ends with the character う, take the Stem-Form of the う-Verb and add the characters われる
if the う-Verb ends with any character other than う, take the Stem-Form of the う-Verb and add the characters a (attaching this “a” with the ending consonant of the Stem-Form to form a Japanese character) + れる.

Example(s):

買う (かう) = 買われる (かわれる)
使う (つかう) = 使われる (つかわれる)
言う (いう) = 言われる (いわれる)
戦う (たたかう) = 戦われる (たたかわれる)

聞く (きく) = 聞かれる (きかれる)
呼ぶ (よぶ) = 呼ばれる (よばれる)
読む (よむ) = 読まれる (よまれる)
泳ぐ (およぐ) = 泳がれる (およがれる)

There are two irregular verbs for this Verb Form: 来る (くる) and する, which conjugate to 来られる (こられる) and される respectively.