(Pre-ます-Form VERB/Stem-Form ADJECTIVE) + そう（です/だ）as “it looks like ____” (pt. 1 of 2)
This grammar construct is used to express a subjective judgment of something that is based upon perception and/or intuition as opposed to objective information. When used with verbs, the verbs must be in their Pre-ます-Form. When used with adjectives, the adjectives must be in their stem form. This grammar construct cannot be used with nouns unless it is in its negative form.
Ame ga furi soudesu.
(It looks like it’s going to rain.)
George Washington wa shitsumon ga arisou desu.
(It seems as if George Washington has a question.)
George Washington wa kanashisou desu.
(It looks like George Washington is sad.)
Ano hito wa tsuyosou desu.
(That person looks strong.)
Kono hon wa fukuzatsu sou da.
(This book looks complicated.)
…CONTINUED IN PART 2 OF 2 WITH COVERAGE OF NEGATIVE FORM