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(Pre-ます-Form VERB/Stem-Form ADJECTIVE) + そう(です/だ)as “it looks like ____” (pt. 1 of 2)

(Pre-ます-Form VERB/Stem-Form ADJECTIVE) + そう(です/だ)as “it looks like ____” (pt. 1 of 2)

This grammar construct is used to express a subjective judgment of something that is based upon perception and/or intuition as opposed to objective information. When used with verbs, the verbs must be in their Pre-ます-Form. When used with adjectives, the adjectives must be in their stem form. This grammar construct cannot be used with nouns unless it is in its negative form.

VERB Example(s):

雨が降りそうです
Ame ga furi soudesu.
(It looks like it’s going to rain.)

ジョージワシントンは質問がありそうです
George Washington wa shitsumon ga arisou desu.
(It seems as if George Washington has a question.)

い-ADJECTIVE Example(s):
ジョージワシントンは悲しそうです
George Washington wa kanashisou desu.
(It looks like George Washington is sad.)

あの人は強そうだ
Ano hito wa tsuyosou desu.
(That person looks strong.)

な-ADJECTIVE Example(s):

この本は複雑そうです
Kono hon wa fukuzatsu sou da.
(This book looks complicated.)

…CONTINUED IN PART 2 OF 2 WITH COVERAGE OF NEGATIVE FORM