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The Particle で as an Instrument Marker

The Particle で as an Instrument Marker

で as an instrument marker
When で is used as an instrument marker, it indicates by what means an action occurs.

Example(s):
日本語手紙を書きました。
Nihongo de tegami wo kakimashita.
“I wrote the letter in Japanese.”

秋葉原に行きました。
Kuruma de Akihabara ni ikimashita.
“I went to Akihabara by car.”

はしお寿司を食べました。
Hashi de osushi wo tabemashita.
“I ate sushi with chopsticks.”

*A special case in which the で is dropped is in the presence of the verb 歩いて, or “to walk”. As opposed to “Aruite de konbini e ikimasu”, “Aruite conbini e ikimasu” is the correct grammar.