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The Particle に as an Object Marker and Indirect Object Marker

The Particle に as an Object Marker and Indirect Object Marker

に as an object marker
As opposed to the object marker を, the object marker にis used with certain verbs to induce a sense of directionality. It is commonly used with verbs when they involve interaction with other people.

Example(s):

明日友達 に会います。
Ashita tomodachi ni aimasu.
(I am meeting my friend tomorrow.)

私は自転車に乗った。
Watashi wa jitensha ni notta.
(I rode a bicycle.)

に as the indirect object marker
Wherein the particleを is used to mark the direct object of a clause, the particle に is used to mark the indirect object marker, or in other words, the recipient entity of a verb. In most cases, the に can be translated and interpreted as “to” but can also adopt such meanings as “from”.

Example(s):

私は彼女手紙を書いた。
Watashi wa kanojo ni tegami wo kaita.
(I wrote a letter to her.)

友達お金を挙げた。
Tomodachi ni okane wo ageta.
(I gave my friend some money.)