Causative-Passive Form (Verb Conjugation) (させられる)
As the name implies, the Causative-Passive Form of verb words is constructed simply by taking the Causative Form of the respective form and in turn conjugating that into the Passive Form, i.e. replacing the final る to られる.
(As we should know, there are two guidelines on conjugating verb words into their Passive Form depending on whether the word is a る-Verb type or an う-Verb type; however since all verb words conjugated into their Causative Form are automatically る-Verb types, we need not worry about choosing between the two guidelines in this case.)
*A review on how to conjugate verbs into their Causative Form is included at the end of this post.
たべる ＝ たべさせられる
みる ＝ みさせられる
いう ＝ いわせられる
かう ＝ かわせられる
よむ ＝ よませられる
The Causative-Form for the two irregular verbs くる and する are こさせられる and させられる respectively.
While the Causative-Passive Form of verbs isn’t used extremely often, it definitely still has grammatical significance; it is used to express that something is made to do something by something else. That second something will be indicated with the particle に.
“I was moved/I was forced to be moved.”
Boku wa jiken no migawari ni saserareta.
“I was made to be the scapegoat for the incident.”
Haha ni benkyou saserareru.
“I am forced to study by my mom.”
Itsumo kanojo ni kaimono ni ikaserareru.
“I am always forced to go shopping by my girlfriend.”
Gakusei wa sensei ni takusan kanji o kakaserarete iru.
“The students are forced to write a lot of kanji by the teacher.”
Kirai na mono o muriyari tabesaserareta koto de, masumasu daikirai ni naru koto mo aru.
“It is possible that when they are forced to eat things they don’t like against their will, people end up disliking it even more.”
A review on how to conjugate verbs into their Causative-Form:
To conjugate る-Verbs into their Causative Form, drop the final る character and replace it with させる.
見る (みる) = 見させる (みさせる)
食べる (たべる) = 食べさせる (たべさせる)
寝る (ねる) = 寝させる (ねさせる)
To conjugate う-Verbs that end in the vowel character う into their Causative Form, drop the final う and replace it with わせる.
買う (かう) = 買わせる (かわせる)
言う (いう) = 言わせる (いわせる)
To conjugate う-Verbs that end in any character other than the vowel character う into their Causative Form, drop the “u” inside the final character to isolate the respective consonant that should now be at the end of the verb and replace it with an “a” to form a new Japanese character. Then, add after it all せる.
死ぬ (しぬ) = 死なせる (しなせる)
行く (いく) = 行かせる (いかせる)
読む (よむ) = 読ませる (よませる)
There are two irregular verbs for the Causative Form and they are the same two for the Passive Form:
来る = 来させる
する = させる
Similar Grammar Pattern(s):